Over 10,000 health workers in Africa infected with COVID-19
THE World Health Organization (WHO) has disclosed that more than 10,000 health workers in 40 countries have been infected with COVID-19 so far, indicating challenges faced by medical staff on the frontlines of the outbreak.
Speaking about health worker infections in Africa during a virtual press conference organized by APO Group on Thursday, Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa warned of the threat posed by COVID-19 to health workers across Africa.
This comes as COVID-19 cases in Africa appear to be spiking. There are now more than 750, 000 cases of COVID-19, with over 15 000 deaths.
Some countries are approaching a critical number of infections that can place stress on health systems. South Africa is now among the worst-hit countries in the world.
“The growth we are seeing in COVID-19 cases in Africa is placing an ever-greater strain on health services across the continent,” Moeti said.
“This has very real consequences for the individuals who work in them, and there is no more sobering example of this than the rising number of health worker infections.”
Moeti added that Inadequate access to personal protective equipment or weak infection prevention and control measures raise the risk of health worker infection.
Surging global demand for protective equipment as well as global restrictions on travel have triggered supply shortages. Health workers can also be exposed to patients who do not show signs of the disease and are in the health facilities for a range of other services.
Risks may also arise when health personnel are repurposed for COVID-19 response without adequate briefing, or because of heavy workloads which result in fatigue, burnout and possibly not fully applying the standard operating procedures.
In many African countries, infection prevention and control measures aimed at preventing infections in health facilities are still not fully implemented.
When WHO assessed clinics and hospitals across the continent for these measures, only 16 per cent of the nearly 30 000 facilities surveyed had assessment scores above 75 per cent.
Many health centres were found to lack the infrastructure necessary to implement key infection prevention measures or to prevent overcrowding. Only 7.8 per cent (2213) had isolation capacities and just a third had the capacity to triage patients.
“One infection among health workers is one too many,” said Dr. Moeti. “Doctors, nurses, and other health professionals are our mothers, brothers, and sisters. They are helping to save lives endangered by COVID-19. We must make sure that they have the equipment, skills, and information they need to keep themselves, their patients and colleagues safe.”
WHO has been working closely with health ministries to reduce health worker infections since the outbreak began.
The organisation has trained more than 50 000 health workers in Africa in infection prevention and control, with plans to train over 200 000 more, as well as providing guidance documents and guidelines on best care practices and the most up-to-date treatment regimes.
She further added that the WHO is also helping to fill gaps in the supply of personal protective equipment. Currently, 41 million items of personal protective equipment are ready to ship from China to cover the needs of 47 African countries. Shipments for an initial set of 23 African countries are planned to start this weekend.
As a result of concerted efforts by WHO and partners some African countries have managed to reduce health worker infections considerably. For example, two months ago over 16 per cent of COVID-19 infections in Sierra Leone were among health workers.
The figure has now dropped to 9 per cent. Cote d’Ivoire has reduced the proportion of infections among health workers from 6.1 per cent to 1.4 per cent. Scaling up infection prevention and control measures can further reduce infections among health workers.
She was joined by Hon Dr. Léonie Claudine Lougue, Minister of Health of Burkina Faso; Hon Dr. Alpha T. Wurie, Minister of Health and Population of Sierra Leone; and Dr. Jemima A. Dennis-Antwi, International Maternal Health & Midwifery Specialist.
So far, about 10 percent of all cases globally are among health workers, though there is a wide range between individual countries.
In Africa, information on health worker infections is still limited, but preliminary data finds that they make up more than 5 per cent of cases in 14 countries in sub-Saharan Africa alone, and in four of these, health workers make up more than 10 per cent of all infections.
Meanwhile, in June, The Punch reported that no fewer than 812 healthcare workers tested positive for COVID-19 in Nigeria,
The newspaper quoted Chikwe Ihekweazu, the Director-General of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC).
Ihekweazu was speaking during the daily briefing of the Presidential Task Force on COVID-19, in Abuja.
He disclosed that 29 of the affected healthcare workers are NCDC staff.