Buhari offers more money to military in four years, but security grows worse

THE Nigerian military’s total spendings rose by 137 per cent between the four-year term of the former President Goodluck Jonathan and the first term of President Muhammadu Buhari.

According to the data obtained by The ICIR from the Office of the Accountant General of the Federation (OAGF). This implies that the military during the first four years of President Buhari received more allocation than the last four years of ex-President Jonathan with a difference of N109, 106,256,894. 

Also, the military capital releases during Buhari’s first tenure increased by 128.52 per cent compared with Jonathan government.

Spendings on capital expenditure between 2011 and 2014 amounted to N79.54 billion, whereas the total capital budget for the military between 2015 and 2018 is N188.65 billion.

But, despite this rise in military spending during Buhari’s first tenure, the increased allocation has an inverse relationship with the level of security in the country.

Curiously, the data shows that the more the government spends on arms and ammunition, the more widespread are the incidents of restiveness across the nation.

The budget of the Federal Ministry of Defence also rose significantly within the period. From 2011 to 2014, the defence ministry got N132.3 billion and spent N127.2 billion, whereas the ministry received an allocation of N334.75 billion and spent N321.5 billion between 2015 and 2018.

Years of increased budget releases, full utilisation

The breakdown of the budget showed that for the past four years of President Buhari, the military spent a total of N17.19 billion (2015), N61.67 billion (2016), N61.24 billion (2017) and N48.55 billion (2018) as at February 2019.

In 2015, the joint military – Nigerian Army, Navy and Air Force got an allocation of N21 billion as capital budget. Similarly, in 2016, the military got N69.71 billion. In 2017, it was N80.72 billion and in 2018 the entire military got a total approved capital budget of N91.73 billion.

Therefore, the total approved capital budget amounts to N263,601,055,203 during Buhari years while total releases for the period was N188,649,423,842.

Within this period, the Nigerian Army actually utilised N52,513,106,071; the Navy, N53,881,122,409 while the Nigerian Air Force spent N82,255,149,858.

However, from 2011 to 2014, the Nigerian Army utilised N21.92 billion, the Nigerian Navy spent N36.19 billion while the Nigerian Air-force utilised N21.43 billion.

Between 2015 and 2018, the Federal Ministry of Defence had a total release of N334.75 billion and utilised N321.58 billion.  Its approved capital budget for the period was N464.57 billion.

However, from 2011 to 2014, the Ministry received a total release of  N132.33 billion and utilised N127.27 billion.

This breakdown shows that President Buhari spent far more on the military than his predecessor.

Timeline of Killings

Despite the increased allocation to the Nigerian military, insecurity in the country steadily has been on the rise.

Nigerians are repeatedly worried on the visibly declining security situation, ranging from kidnappings to killings, aside from the contending Boko Haram insurgency.

More often than none, attacks occur in different parts of the country.  In Zamfara State, for instance, a BBC report, identified 262 civilian deaths in the first 100 days of the year.

Mid-last year, former Senator Sa’idu Dansadau made a claim that about 3,000 people were killed in Zamfara State, with 2, 076 farms destroyed within two years. The ICIR has not confirmed this.

On the night of 31st December 2018, Kashim Shettima, the former Borno State Governor held an extraordinary security meeting on what he perceived as worsening security situation in the state.

On 5th April, 50 people were reportedly killed as claimed by Sanusi Rikiji, Speaker of the Zamfara State House of Assembly, speaking during a condolence visit to Kaura Namoda Emirate.

BBC Hausa reported on 2nd May, how suspected gunmen also attacked Government Girls Secondary School, Moriki, Zuru Local Government Area of Zamfara, abducting teachers and girls.

The kidnapping came five years after Secondary School girls were abducted by the Boko Haram insurgents in North East Borno State.

Miss Faye Mooney, a British national was killed by bandits in Kaduna state, adding to several other gory incidents that have generated much public anxiety recently.

On 5th May, gunmen at the early hours of Sunday kidnapped Mrs Suzzy Nathan, Permanent Secretary of the Taraba State Ministry of Water Resources, from her home. The height of the situation was a declaration by the Daura Emirate of its resolve to suspend Sallah celebration in the President’s home town.

Lawmakers, Traditional ruler reacts 

Worried over the insecurity situation, Abdulmumini Kabir, the Emir of Katsina, reiterated the need to proffer a lasting solution to the continuous killings and kidnappings.

    “What are you to gain by killing, kidnapping people? It’s very unfortunate. I have not seen this kind of country; how do we live like animals? Three days ago Magajin Gari (of Daura emirate council) was abducted, nobody is safe now, whether in your house or road, wherever you are,” says the emir “What we want you to do for us is to stop the fight. Many people have deserted, abandoned their farms in fear of kidnapping and killings and other atrocities, it’s very unfortunate.”

    Recently, the lawmakers summoned the President who was apparently away in London, to meet before it to explain reasons for the reoccurring insecurity.

    This is coming less than a month member of the National Assembly (NASS) invited the president over the insecurity situations.

    Despite this intervention, killing is yet to abate in several parts of the country. And these tragic occurrences have made it difficult for Buhari administration to justify the rising military spending.

    Olugbenga heads the Investigations Desk at The ICIR. Do you have a scoop? Shoot him an email at [email protected]. Twitter Handle: @OluAdanikin

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