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They also urged the government to live up to its international treaty and guarantee the safety of journalists and other media practitioners, including preventing attacks on them whenever possible and ensuring that all such attacks were investigated and perpetrators prosecuted and punished.
These were some of the recommendations made by legal practitioners who participated in a two-day Litigation Workshop on Safety of Journalists held in Abuja organised by Media Rights Agenda (MRA) with support from the Global Media Defence Fund (GMDF) through the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
The participants urged media organisations in Nigeria to undertake periodic and regular safety training for their journalists and other workers to ensure that they were able to carry out their work safely and professionally, adding that the organisations should also kit journalists and workers with the appropriate equipment, including protective gear, where necessary, to prevent or minimise their exposure to various hazards that they might confront while carrying out their work.
They advised lawyers and civil society organisations to liaise with relevant organisations, institutions and agencies, such as the National Judicial Institute (NJI), the Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (NIALS), the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) as well as the heads of various courts in organising sensitisation programmes and activities for judicial officers on the safety of journalists so that judges would be appropriately informed about the importance of the safety of journalists and their role in the process.
The participants suggested that lawyers litigating cases touching on the safety of journalists and other media workers should prepare their written addresses or briefs of argument with the objective of enlightening and sensitising the judges handling such matters about the issue of the safety of journalists, adding that they should also prepare diligently for their cases and familiarise themselves sufficiently about the issue in order to adequately respond to questions or queries that the judges might raise.
In order to ensure speedy adjudication, the participants pointed out that for cases touching on the safety of journalists in Nigeria as well as to ensure that judges handling such matters had the requisite knowledge and expertise, the heads of various courts in the country should designate judges to hear cases on the safety of journalists.
Besides, they said, as part of efforts by Nigeria to meet its obligations under regional and international instruments to prevent attacks against journalists and ensure accountability for any such crimes, ‘Practice Directions’ should be issued to guide the hearing and determination of such cases in order to improve the effectiveness of judicial mechanisms in addressing the challenge of crimes against journalists.
The participants said it was a shocking irony that attacks on the media, particularly the killing of journalists, had escalated during the period of civilian democracy with the result that attacks on journalists had risen far above the levels recorded during the period of military regimes in Nigeria, pointing out that it meant that the democratic environment had become far more hostile and dangerous for journalists than the period of military rule.
They pointed out that if journalists were frequently intimidated into distorting the information that they provided to the society or if they were too afraid to report truthfully and accurately because of constant attacks, legal practitioners and the entire society would be worse for it because most, if not all members of the public, made serious and sometimes life-changing economic, political, professional and other decisions based on the information that they received through journalists and the media.
In the light of this, the participants noted, lawyers had a self-interest in ensuring that journalists and the media had a conducive and enabling environment to practise their profession so that they could continue to provide members of the public with news and information that were reasonably accurate and reliable and that in turn enabled the lawyers and other members of the public to make good and informed decisions.